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README.md
# mulle-vararg A variable argument passing scheme written in C (C11). It's an alternative to [stdarg](//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stdarg.h) or [varargs](//pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/7908799/xsh/varargs.h.html), but not compatible with either. Fork | Build Status | Release Version ----------|---------------|----------------------------------- [Mulle kybernetiK](//github.com/mulle-nat/mulle-vararg) | [![Build Status](https://travis-ci.org/mulle-nat/mulle-vararg.svg?branch=release)](https://travis-ci.org/mulle-nat/mulle-vararg) | ![Mulle kybernetiK tag](https://img.shields.io/github/tag/mulle-nat/mulle-vararg.svg) [![Build Status](https://travis-ci.org/mulle-nat/mulle-vararg.svg?branch=release)](https://travis-ci.org/mulle-nat/mulle-vararg) ## Install Install the prerequisites first: | Prerequisites | |---------------------------------------------------------| | [mulle-c11](//github.com/mulle-c/mulle-c11) | Then build and install ``` mkdir build 2> /dev/null ( cd build ; cmake .. ; make install ) ``` Or let [mulle-sde](//github.com/mulle-sde) do it all for you. ## How it works **mulle-vararg** assumes that the arguments are not layed out in stack alignment fashion but like in a struct. The C promotion rules are still observed though. > Remember the C argument promotion rules are > > 1. char and short to int/unsigned int > 2. float to double > Let's assume there is a compiler that uses **mulle-vararg** for variable arguments. It collects **all** function parameters and packs them into a struct, then passes this struct to the function. A **printf** function being being called like this: ``` printf( "%d %f %lld\n", (char) 'x', (float) 0.2, 1848LL; ``` would get its arguments embedded in a struct like this ``` struct { char *format; struct { int value1; // standard char -> int promotion double value2; // standard float -> double promotion long long value3; } varargs; } _param; ``` **mulle-vararg** provides the necessary functions to read such a struct. It has no code to create it. #### Advantages * Easy to write in C, does not need compiler ABI internals to construct or read. You don't need [libffi](//sourceware.org/libffi/) or some such. * Cheap forwarding to other functions. #### Disadvantages * Not compatible with `<stdarg.h>` ## API * [Vararg](dox/API_VARARG.md) ### Platforms and Compilers All platforms and compilers supported by [mulle-c11](//github.com/mulle-c/mulle-c11) ## Author [Nat!](//www.mulle-kybernetik.com/weblog) for [Mulle kybernetiK](//www.mulle-kybernetik.com) and [Codeon GmbH](//www.codeon.de)