Mulle kybernetiK - Tech Info:
Installing Mac OS X Server 1.2 on Lombard 400 MHz Powerbooks with a DVD drive - UPDATED
For this installation process you need a second MacOSXServer machine that can act as a NFS server. You also need a network and a spare IP address on that network.
Special Magic Voodoo
Unplug the battery packs before installation.
Phase 1: The usual installation
  1. After booting from the CD allocate 2 GB or more for the Mac OS X Server installation. If you want to also run Mac OS, let Mac OS use the first partition, Max OS X Server the second.

  2. Install like Apple tells you to install. In the menu bar access Special/Configurations to enable installing on unsupported platforms.

  3. Everything should proceed smoothly for a while. The installer changes the HFS partition into UFS and installs a minimal Mac OS X Server system then reboots.

  4. Now the trouble starts, as Mac OS X Server can not mount the CD and hangs (Reboot failed - Serious Errors) with the option to enter single user mode. Use that option !
Phase 2: Setting the NFS Server up
  1. Eject the CD from the powerbook's CD drive and mount it on your server system. We assume you're using a second Mac OS X Server system here (surely not another Lombard :)). Probably any other UNIX box will be useless, since they can't read the partition information of the CD.

  2. Export the CD UFS filesystem (most certainly mounted as /Mac_OS_X_Server_1.2) using the Network Manager, located in /System/Administration/Applications. In the Network Manager use "File Sharing" to create the NFS export (Shared Directories). Export to the world mapping root to root, for least possible hassle. Follow the instructions of Network Manager and you will be set. Do not remove the CD from the drive now, since that confuses NFS.
    And NFS gets confused quickly...

  3. Learn the IP address of your server. You can get this easily in with the command /sbin/ifconfig en0. We will assume for the following steps that the NFS server address is

Beware of the Package Installer!
The package installer will accept no failures! After the first complete boot through the installer in all cases will try to install from /RHAPSODY_INSTALL. If there is nothing there it will taunt you with a retry or cancel, which in fact won't help you one bit. Regardless of your choice the installer will erase it tracks, rendering an unsuccessful first boot unusable! You must reinstall.
DVD CD Drive: the source of the problem
It appears that Apple did not extend their Mac OS X Server driver to handle the DVD CD Drives used in the 400 MHz models of the Lombard Powerbook.

Even if you follow these instructions and succesfully install Mac OS X Server 1.2, you will not be able to access the CD.

Phase 3: Hacking
  1. You should be now in single user mode (see Phase 1 - Step 4). First make the root filesystem writable with mount -u -o rw /

  2. Eliminate the bothersome fstab entry with echo "#" > /etc/fstab

  3. Connect your powerbook to the network. Get an unused IP address from the local network (and check that it is unused). We assume that this address is and configure the ethernet port manually with ifconfig en0 inet

  4. Try pinging the NFS server with ping If that doesn't produce responses get someone to help you.

  5. Mount the exported CD with

    mkdir /mnt
    mount_nfs /mnt

  6. Copy the installation data to the local filesystem with

    mkdir System
    cp -Rp mnt/System/Installation System

    This will take some time, do not despair and reboot the machine prematurely.

  7. Check that the copied stuff went into the proper place, cross fingers and reboot


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Alternative Ideas (some tested)
1. Try hooking up a plain vanilla SCSI CD-R and install from there. My Plextor drive showed up under Mac OS, but the install failed even earlier on.
2. Set Lombard to SCSI slave modus and install from another Mac.
3. Get a CD drive from a 333MHz user and install.
4. Mount directly to /RHAPSODY_INSTALL via fstab, configure interface beforehand (via iftab ?). This should have worked, but it didn't (for me)...
5. Visit and search for the keyword lombard. Try those installation instructions first. They seem to work as well or better.
text by Nat! (c) 2000 Mulle kybernetiK